On May 30, 2012 I spoke with Minneapolis Mayor R.T. Rybak about the city’s incentive to build bicycle infrastructure.We also discussed our local bike share program, Nice Ride, and the criticism of the system’s initial placement in richer and whiter areas of town. I did this interview for my dissertation chapter titled “Bike lanes are white lanes: The neoliberal reproduction of whiteness in cycling-based urban improvement.”
Melody: My big question is what the city’s incentive or your incentive is to build bicycle infrastructure?
Mayor R.T. Rybak: Let me go to the macro. One specific point I just want to make while I have it fresh in my head because I think it relates to how advocacy plays a role. Couple years ago in my budget I put in a bike coordinator and immediately the conservative talk radio and blogosphere really started focusing on this goofy mayor of Minneapolis with his bike coordinator. And emails and letters from all over started coming into City Hall. That could’ve been the end of the story. But it wasn’t because of the advocacy infrastructure here. I turned to our bike advocates and said unless we get a counter offensive some of my council members are gonna go the wrong way on this. And they swooped into action. Within a couple days our council members were getting many more supportive emails about why this was important for public safety, attracting people like you from other communities to bike culture. And we won that battle. And it’s one example of how a political leader can want to do something but you are dramatically more empowered if there is an advocacy community behind it. But going back to your point is really like how this all happened or?
Melody: What’s the incentive? Especially when you are talking about attracting people
Rybak: Sure. It’s completely clear to me that we’re in a midst of a total revolution in the way we get around. Most public governments haven’t quite gotten anywhere nearly where the public is at on this. We [the city government] have, so. I recognize that congestion is up, global warming, gas prices, all add to the fact that we’re reinventing the American city that’s going to be much more pedestrian and bike-oriented. No use debating it anymore, get used to it, it’s real. So to us, we have a huge head start on most other cities. On almost any other city. Because we recognize that the bike is a key part of our transportation infrastructure. So the incentive in it is it creates kind of a street culture we want that isn’t just car dominated. It creates a more active population. It plays to our image of a place that doesn’t get slowed down by winter; we simply deal with it. And it reflects the green values of my constituents. So those are the few of the things. In the short run it is more expensive than the long run it’s dramatically less expensive. A separate point and its important and again it’s about you coming here in the bike culture. The key to economic growth is attracting talent. Especially in the creative field, talent is very mobile. Our very public bike culture has been an enormous asset in attracting talented people here. Not just in the bike fields but in advertising, in financial services, the arts, politics, whatever. It’s attracted this wide swath of people to get something they can’t find in a freeway-oriented place like Houston. Even in a city with a great reputation like Austin, for attracting cutting edge talent, they are not even in the same league as Minneapolis on bike culture. That gives us a huge competitive advantage. I personally love riding my bike but it’s more about what kind of city we want, you know.
Melody: I was actually just curious what your thoughts were on the economic reasons so I’m glad you brought that up
Rybak: One of things very important in the last few years that we’ve done a great job in is maximizing the assets for very intensively bike-orientated folks who will bike twelve months a year in our climate. We needed a break through strategy to get at people who were kinda interested in hopping on a bike but wouldn’t necessarily buy a super expensive one, use it all the time, have the rack on the car, shower at the office, or all the other things that a more intense bike rider would use. That’s where bike sharing came in. So because of my active interest in bikes and because of what our city was I was flooded with feedback when bike sharing started to take off in Europe. Paris did it, oh gee we should launch a bike share thing in Minneapolis. I thought, great idea. But no one’s even done this in the U.S. and when the Republican convention was here, Humana came in saying they love this bike share thing and they want to set one up in the Republican convention and the Democrat convention. I said, this is my chance. So we used the fact that Humana came in and temporarily set it up to show sponsors what we were talking about. And then I put a team on to investigate. The team came back saying the good news is we think this can work even though it really isn’t working in other American city right now. The bad news it’s gonna cost a lot of money. Two and a half million dollars to kick off, which we did not have. So one of the groups that I brought in, to show the whole bike system, was Blue Cross. And I said for us to make this work we are gonna ask you for a million dollars, which was a huge request. And we made the case and I told them it would be one of the best branding moves they ever made. And remarkably they came through with the million dollars which allowed us to leverage the one and a half million in a federal grant so we now had two and a half million of the three million we needed and we were on our way. So this great group of folks we had advising us on this showed us that the best system to pick was Dixie out of Montreal. And we launched. I was very nervous for a few months because I could have been a three million dollar idiot promoting this thing with green bikes that sat vacant all over town. That wasn’t the case. It exploded. Blue Cross did get one of the marketing things they ever did. In fact they have a television commercial they run bragging that they sponsored it, which is great. They put more money into expanding into St Paul. We got a special grant about health disparity to go into North Minneapolis in a very intensive way. That’s an example of how all of this has had a huge ability to break through to a whole new type of bike rider. So I use that for instance in rush hour when I’m trying to get from side of town to another, in my suit. People who may want to ride a bike from their place in Uptown, downtown and then meet a friend after work and take the bus home. Don’t have tie all around where their bike is so it’s just to work.
Melody: It’s interesting you brought up Nice Ride because to ask a critical question
Melody: I was here when you launched Nice Ride, a lot of criticism was where it was placed initially so the issue of well now that’s gonna be seen as another thing that white people like again.
Melody: I know you know about the criticism, you got rid of the credit card thing, so what is your response to that criticism that it wasn’t in North right away?
Rybak: First, we went where our accounts knew there was the most people biking. Knowing that that was the place we could succeed the most we also knew we had to quickly come up with a strategy to address affordability and location so we weren’t perpetuating the gaps in the system. So we immediately began working on grants strategies that would allow us to take more risks to put racks that may not be used as much in locations where it wasn’t as much of a bike culture. That’s where all the North Minneapolis ones came from. Then we worked a lot with the insurance folks about what they required because they anticipated so many bikes would be stolen.
Melody: But none did.
Rybak: Zero. So boom we were able to lower that. We knew the problems from the start. We knew that we should launch and have success and have the parts that would most likely to be successful carry the rest of the system and in fact they have. And that was able to leverage grants in North Minneapolis, St. Paul. Our strategy into St. Paul was also focused disproportionately on the central corridor because of the construction challenges and you know the leaders in St. Paul were very reluctant at first. I was all about it. They were very reluctant but once it took off they got interested and so was Blue Cross
Melody: So you haven’t seen it go up in North Minneapolis with any problems getting people on bikes?
Rybak: No it’s working really well, so. It’s not working with the same intensity of some of the parts of town that have more bike culture. That will take a while. We’re fine with that.
Melody: So there’s not this fear that the stereotype of it being for white bicyclists, it doesn’t seem to be a problem?
Rybak: No, we’ve done some things that are intentional about getting bike facilities and paths into areas that aren’t traditionally bike culture. Midtown Greenway is the most visible but the Nice Ride stations in North Minneapolis is another one. Another small program I liked a lot we gave environmental grants a few years back, one of which went to a program that taught Somali women to bike which I just loved. And bike cops for kids where if they get caught wearing a helmet they can win a bike. Series of things like that. The bike center in North Minneapolis.
Melody: Venture North?
Rybak: Yeah. Also, 35th and Chicago. Right next to Pilsbury. [Full Cycle]
Melody: Ok cool, I think that’s actually it unless you want to say what the future holds for you for bicycle infrastructure, a dream plan
Rybak: Yeah, there’s not another city that has better off-road bike trails. Portland and Washington and New York I think have done an outstanding job of on-street. In fact a better job of visual markings than we have. So we’ve really tried to push that envelope more. The Holy Grail here is take existing infrastructure and win back roads with complete straight strategy. Most cities can’t afford what we have done, or we were blessed with this amazing park system. And so we, I believe, need to catch up to these other cities you know innovating on existing streets and winning back the fact that the street does not belong to the car. And has to be shared, get used to it.
Mayor R.T. Rybak on a Nice Ride bicycle (image credit: Star Tribune/Elizabeth Flores)
[Mere minutes after I finished talking to Rybak, Occupy Homes activists stormed his office demanding answers to why Rybak keeps ordering police to evict Occupy activists from foreclosed homes]